Diabetes Care Overview

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not have enough insulin to regulate blood sugar. The sugar then remains in your bloodstream and can harm your body.

RISK FACTORS:
Obesity
Genetics

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS:
Thirst
Frequent urination
"Spilling" sugar in the urine
Elevated blood sugar
Fatigue

OUTLOOK:
Diabetes is a chronic disease. It requires medical supervision. It also requires commitment from the patient to manage the disease. There is a risk of infection and non-healing wounds due to poor circulation and nerve damage.This damage tends to develop over time. The nerve damage can present as pain in the lower legs and feet or the inability to feel pain. There can also be numbness and tingling. Another potential problem is damage to the retina of the eye.

TREATMENT:
Treatment includes weight control, exercise, and monitoring blood sugar levels. Insulin or anti-diabetes medicine may be prescribed. Medical supervision is crucial in the treatment of diabetes. This means regular visits to your health care provider.

DIAGNOSIS:
Diagnosis is made by a history and physical, review of the signs and symptoms and laboratory studies.